Bijan Takes the Reins to Aid Gustaham

Folio from a manuscript of the Shahnameh (Book of Kings)
Accession Number: 
Firdausi (d. 1020)
Lahijan, Iran
dated 899 AH/1493–94 CE
Materials and Technique: 
Ink, opaque watercolour, and gold on paper

In a momentous battle between Iranians and Turanians, the Iranian hero Gustaham follows and enters into heated combat with two Turanian warriors who have fled the battle scene. After a long absence, the Iranian army worries about Gustaham’s well-being. Bijan, shown on the right, volunteers to find Gustaham and bring him back, despite his father’s resistance.