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11 lines per page written in kufic script in brown ink on vellum, vocalisation of red and green dots, single verse divisions marked with clusters of small gold dots.
AKM300, Folio from a Qur’an Manuscript

© The Aga Khan Museum

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Folio from a Qur’an Manuscript
Q5: 60-63
  • Accession Number:AKM300
  • Place:Near East or North Africa
  • Dimensions:15.6 x 23.2 cm
  • Date:9th - 10th centuries
  • Materials and Technique:ink and gold on parchment
  • The secrets of papermaking had reached from China to the Near East and North Africa by the mid 8th century. The use of paper, however, was reserved mostly for administrative documents. Until the end of the 10th century, Qur’ans, like some of the examples shown here, were still being copied on parchment, a fine animal skin that is stretched, limed, and scraped to produce a uniform writing surface. These earlier parchment examples mostly had a horizontal format, which was replaced with vertical formats in later paper manuscripts. Dots, especially in red, were used for vocalization of the text. Various decorative elements were used to indicate the end of each verse, such as the triangular arrangement of six dots in AKM481. Golden roundels that contain verse count were usually used to indicate the fifth, tenth, or other number of verses.


    — Filiz Çakır Phillip


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