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Open manuscript to a double page with five lines of text, between the text, green and black floral patterns. Above and below the text are boxes containing a calligraphic phrase and medallions. The text box is enclosed in a gold frame, with a blue border. Three medallions on the outer margins.
AKM281, Qur’an Manuscript

© The Aga Khan Museum

Open manuscript to a double page with five lines of text, between the text, black and white floral patterns. The text box is enclosed in a gold frame, with a blue border, and floral illumination. One medallion on each side, on the outer margins.
AKM281, Qur’an Manuscript

© The Aga Khan Museum

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On Display
Qur’an Manuscript
  • Accession Number:AKM281 (f.189r, f.190v)
  • Creator:copied by Mahmud Sha‘ban
  • Place:India
  • Dimensions:29.8 x 23.5 x 6.6 cm
  • Date:7 Dhu’l-Qa‘da 801 AH / 11 July 1399
  • Materials and Technique:ink, opaque watercolour, and gold on paper
  • This manuscript is a rare copy of the Qur’an produced during the Tughluq dynasty (1320–1413) in India. After the invasion of Timur in 1398–1399, the manuscript was taken to Gwalior Fort in southern Agra, where its colophon was completed. This Qur’an is one of the first documented manuscripts written in bihari script, a unique style of writing practiced in pre-Mughal India.

Note: This online resource is reviewed and updated on an ongoing basis. We are committed to improving this information and will revise and update knowledge about this object as it becomes available.

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